Physical Geography (India And World) Questions and Answers : All SSC Exams Previous Years Questions Papers Solved Part 1

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Q.1:- Mica is found in which one of the following pairs of rocks :

  1. Slate-Sandstone
  2. Schist-Gneiss
  3. Limestone-Sandstone
  4. Shale-Limestone

Q.2:- Which one of the following types of erosion is responsible for the formation of Chambal Ravines ?

  1. Splash
  2. Sheet
  3. Rill
  4. Gully

Q.3:- Why are winters more severe in Southern Hemisphere than in Northern Hemisphere ?

  1. Earth is tilted towards the sun in the Northern Hemisphere
  2. Northern Hemisphere receives more sunlight
  3. Because of more iceberg activity in Southern Hemisphere
  4. Southern Hemisphere is less inhabited

Q.4:- Spot the odd item in the following ?

  1. Basalt
  2. Ruby
  3. Emerald
  4. Sapphire

Q.5:- Breaking down of rock in situ is known as ?

  1. Erosion
  2. Weathering
  3. Mass Wasting
  4. Degradation

Q.6:- Which type of lake is formed by volcanic activities ?

  1. Lagoon
  2. Fresh Water Lake
  3. Cladera Lake
  4. Karst Lake

Q.7:- Which of the following refers to the white salt which covers the land in some areas during dry season ?

  1. Usar
  2. Reh
  3. Erg
  4. Reg

Q.8:- Equinox occurs when the Sun is vertically above ?

  1. Tropic of Capricorn
  2. Tropic of Cancer
  3. Poles
  4. Equator

Q.9:- Which one of the following is called North-Easter ?

  1. Cold and fast blowing winds in Northern Hemisphere that move from sub-polar to polar regions
  2. Cold and fast bowing winds in South Pole region
  3. Cold and fast blowing winds from the polar region in northern hemisphere
  4. Winds blowing towards Kazakhstan in Central Asia

Q.10:- Depression formed due to deflating action of winds are called ?

  1. Playas
  2. Yardang
  3. Ventifacts
  4. Sand Dunes

Q.11:- Airmass near to the Earth’s surface is warmer because it ?

  1. Radiates heat
  2. Contains dust particles
  3. Is warmed by terrestrial radiation
  4. Is far from the Sun

Q.12:- Frontal Rain is caused by ?

  1. Convection current
  2. Winds from sea
  3. Cyclonic activity
  4. Condensation of water evaporated from mountains
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Q.13:- Katrina is the name given to ?

  1. Satellite
  2. Star
  3. Heat Wave
  4. Hurricane

Q.14:- The forests which act as barriers against cyclones are ?

  1. Alpine forests
  2. Mangrove Forests
  3. Evergreen Forests
  4. Monsoon Forests

Q.15:- The layer of atmosphere close to the Earth’s surface is called ?

  1. Exosphere
  2. Troposphere
  3. Stratosphere
  4. Ionosphere

Q.16:- The South-East Trade winds are attracted towards the Indian subcontinent in the rainy season due to ?

  1. The development of cyclone over the equator
  2. The effect of easterlies
  3. The effect of Northern-East trade winds
  4. The presence of low atmospheric pressure over North West India

Q.17:- A place where there is constant intermingling of salt water and fresh water is ?

  1. Estuary
  2. Delta
  3. Gulf
  4. Bay

Q.18:- All vital atmospheric processes leading to various climatic and weather conditions take place in the ?

  1. Stratosphere
  2. Troposphere
  3. Ionosphere
  4. Exosphere

Q.19:- What is the interval between a high tide and neaptide at a given place ?

  1. 12 Hours
  2. 12 Hours 26 Minutes
  3. 15 Hours 30 Minutes
  4. 24 Hours

Q.20:- Precipitation in the form of a mixture of rain and snow is called ?

  1. Drizzle
  2. Hall
  3. Sleet
  4. Snow

Q.21:- The narrow stretch of water connecting two Seats is called ?

  1. Bay
  2. Peninsula
  3. Isthamus
  4. Strait

Q.22:- The colour of loamy soil is ?

  1. Greenish brown
  2. Bluish green
  3. Yellowish brown
  4. Blackish brown

Q.23:- The soil water which is of the greatest importance to the plant life is ?

  1. Gravitational water
  2. Capillary water
  3. Hygroscopic water
  4. Combined water

Q.24:- Plantation of trees on a large scale to check soil erosion are called ?

  1. Shelter Belts
  2. Contour Ploughing
  3. Strip Cropping
  4. Afforestation

Q.25:- Identify the most infertile amongst the following soils ?

  1. Black cotton soil
  2. Alluvial soil
  3. Laterite soil
  4. Peaty soil


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