List of Mineral Salts, Their Importance and Sources, Nutrition in Plants and Animals, Biology, Botany and Zoology

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Minerals salts are needed in very small quantities, but they are very essential for proper functioning of the body. Besides playing a major role in the regulation of metabolic activities, the minerals salts are also very important constituents of certain tissues of the body. For example; Calcium is the principle component of the skeleton system.

Below we have given some minerals salts, their importance and sources:

S. No. Mineral Importance Sources
1 Iron Essential for the formation of Haemoglobin Eggs, Green Vegetables, Meat
2 Sodium Important constituent of body fluids (blood and lymph); transmission of nerve Common Salt, Milk
3 Calcium Principle component of Skeleton, and teeth; essential for contraction of heart muscles, and blood coagulation Green Vegetables, Milk, Eggs
4 Potassium Intracellular Osmotic Pressure; transmission of nerve impulses Vegetables, Meat


5 Phosphorus Very essential for the formation of bone and teeth; for muscular contraction; for the synthesis of nucleic acids and phospholipids; Phosphorus also helps in the maintenance of blood pH Eggs, Milk
6 Fluorine It helps in the formation of Enamel of Teeth. Milk, Drinking Water
7 Iodine Iodine is very essential for the formation of Thyroxine. Common Salt, Sea Foods
8 Sulphur Constituent of Hair, Nails and Corneous Layers of Skin Eggs, Fish, Meat
9 Chlorine Chlorine is very essential for maintaining Osmotic Pressure of the body fluids. Milk, Salt
10 Magnesium Magnesium Activates Certain Enzymes Meat, Green Vegetables
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