List of Cash Crops (Nakadi Fasal) in India with Full Information Temperature, Rainfall, Soil Type, Producing States

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List of Cash Crops in India with Full Information Required Temperature, Rainfall, Soil Type, Producing States

S. No. Crops Temperature Rainfall Soil Leading States
1 Sugarcane 20-26 Degree Celsius 100-150 cm or irrigation facilities with high humidity Any type of soil that can retain moisture Uttar Pradesh, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Odisha
2 Jute 24-35 Degree Celsius Heavy rainfall of 150 cm with 90% high humidity Light sandy or clayey loams West Bengal (70% more than 70% production and 60% area), Bihar, Assam, Odhisha
3 Cotton 21-30 Degree Celsius, but not below 21 Degree Celsius, 200 frost free days 50-75 cm or irrigation facility Deep black soil (regur), alluvial or laterite soils Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh
4 Tobacco 16-40 Degree Celsius 50-100 cm, heavy rainfall harmful to crop Well-drained loamy soil, alluvial or black soil Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharastra, Assam Rajasthan
5 Tea 24-30 Degree Celsius, Shade loving plant 125-375 cm, but cannot stand stagnant water near roots, hence grown on hills slopes Well-drained, deep friable loams or forest soils rich in organic matter Assam, Uttarakhand, Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh
6 Coffee 15-28 Degree Celsius 150-200 cm, prolonged drought cause severe damage Rich well-drained friable loams containing good amount of vegetable mould West Bengal, Nagaland, Karnatka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh,  West Bengal, Odisha, Mizoram, Assam, Meghalaya
7 Rubber 25-35 Degree Celsius 150-200 cm Rich well-drained soils Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala
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List of Spices in India Required Temperature, Rainfall, Soil Type, Producing States

S. No. Spice Name Temperature Rainfall Soil Type Leading State
1 Pepper  






10-30 Degree Celsius







200-300 cm







Loamy Soil / Lateritic Soil

Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
2 Ginger Kerala, Uttar Pradesh
3 Turmeric Andhra Pradesh, Odisha
4 Cardamom Karnataka, Kerala, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu
5 Chillies Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh
6 Cloves Kerala
7 Nutmeg Kerala
8 Arecanut Kerala
9 Coconut Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala,  Karnataka
10 Cinnamon Kerala


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