Important Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Diseases of Poultry (Chickens), Common Disease of Plants and Animals

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Some Important Bacterial, Viral and Fungal Disease in Poultry (Chickens):

S. No. Disease Causal Organism Symptoms
A Viral Diseases
1. Ranikhet Disease (Most common disease) (New Cattle Disease) (ND) Paramyxo Sneezing yellowish white diarrhoea followed by nervous symptoms like twisting of head and wings get paralysed Minute lesions.
2. Fowl Pox Avipox Virus

Herpes Virus

Entero Virus

Presence of lymphomas in various visceral organs, thickened nerves, paralysis of leg or wings, death.

Partial Paralysis, Unsteady gait, tremoring of head, neck, tail and muscles.

Dullness, whitish pasty diarrhoea, haemorrhage and enlarged bursa.

Broiler disease in which lesions appear around the heart giving it an appearance of leechi, enlarged liver and anaemia.

Respiratory problems like sneezing, coughing and reduced rate of respiration. Also drop in egg production.

3. Marek’s disease
4. Avian Encephalomyelitis (Pollurum disease) Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD)
5. Hydropericardium Syndrome
6. (HPS) or Leechi Disease
7. Infection Bronchitis (IB)
B Bacterial Disease
1. Fowl Cholera Pastaurella Multocida Depression, Coughing, Sneezing, difficulty in breathing
2. Fowl Spirochaetosis Borrelia Anserina Rise in temperature (43-44 Degree Celsius), Cyanosis of comb and wattles followed by Jaundice.
3. Colibacillosis of Poultry Escherichia Coli Loss of appetite, reduced respiration, diarrhoea and weaknes.
4. Salmonellosis (Pollorum disease) Salmonella Pollorum Diarrhoea with white faeces, loss of appetite and thirst, dropping wings etc.
5. Fowl Typhoid S. Gallinarum Diarrhoea with yellowish faeces and cyanosis of comb and wattles.
6. Fowl Paratyphoid S. Typhimurium Loss of appetite, diarrhoea, necrosis of liver, etc.
C. Fungal Diseases
1. Mycotic Disease Aspergillus Fumigatus Extensive damage caused to skin, hair, hide etc.
2. Candidiasis Candida Albicans Reduced appetite, poor growth and reduced weight.



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