Environmental Pollution : Causes, Effects and Solutions in English For Exams

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The term ‘pollution’ denotes the stage, or the destruction of purity of anything. These days, this term is mainly used for the pollution of natural environment i.e land, water and air. Pollution affects our health adversely. It brings diseases and drags us closer to the death. As such, it has to be checked and controlled immediately.

Water Pollution

Water in its pure form is essential for healthy survival of humanity. However, it is polluted due to various reasons as under:

  1. To begin with, the wastage thrown out by various industries as well as oil refineries besides atomic plants is dumped into the nearby rivers and sea.
  2. Left over of pesticides, insecticides and chemical fertilizers also are flowed by rain into water bodies.

Polluted water contains dangerous viruses and bacteria. It can fill our bodies with dangerous factory chemical especially, Mercury salt, Lead salt, colour dyes and acids. The Central Water Health Engineering Institute has discovered that in India 360 out of every 1,00,000 deaths were due to Typhoid, Dysentery and other diseases caused by water pollution.

Air Pollution

Pure air is a gift of divine, a pre-requisite for health. All the living beings inhale Oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.

Air pollution is created by various factors:

  1. The selfish man is cutting the forests. The fields are swallowed by ever increasing houses.
  2. The smoke coming out of mills’ chimneys increases harmful gases namely, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxide and Sulphur Dioxide etc into air.
  3. The smoke coming out of the hearth besides the smoke emitted from the silencers of the motor vehicles produce Sulphur Dioxide.
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The air pollution is quite hazardous :

  1. When it rains the poisonous gases in the environment come down mixed with water and produces Sulphuric Acid.
  2. The ill effects of air pollution are already manifested in terms of dangerous diseases like, Bronchial Asthma, Respiratory Diseases, Eye Defects, Skin problems etc.

Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is caused by roaring mills, loudspeakers and motor vehicles with defective silencers. The noise of vehicles machinery, factories, generators and other urban utilities is unbearable. This results in loss of hearing, headache, mental tensions, partial mental imbalances and migraine. Too sharp sounds lessen main’s hearing power. It is reported that in Delhi 5.8 percent of women watching T.V for long duration are likely to get epileptic fits.

Chemical Pollution

The pesticides and insecticides including D.D.T. affect our health adversely. We take them through the vegetables and corn.

Solutions of Environmental Pollution

It is high time we found out how to face this danger. Some of the steps are as under:

  1. To get the engines of the vehicles checked regularly and tuned if needed
  2. To avoid using vehicles with two stroke engines as they consume mobil oil in the engine chamber. This leads to extra pollution. Four stroke engines do not create high pollution levels.
  3. To grow more trees and vegetation in the urban areas.
  4. The industrialists ought to try to shift the industry outside the urban centres.
  5. If at all, the industries have to operate in urban areas, they must ensure that they conform to pollution norms set by the state and central regulatory authorities.
  6. The usage of Chloro Flouro Carbons (CFCs) must be banned as they deplete the Ozone layer in the upper atmosphere.
  7. The use of public transport should be encouraged.
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