Difference Between The Himalayan and Peninsular River System, Geography for Competitive Exams

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Main Differences Between The Himalayan and Peninsular River System, Geography for Competitive and Entrance Examinations.

S. No. The Himalayan River System Peninsular River System
1. These rivers occupy large basins and catchment area These rivers have small basins and catchment areas. The Godavari having basin area of 3.12 lakh square kms is less than 1/3rd of Indus (11.65 sq. kms.)
2. The Himalayn rivers from huge delta at their mouth which is the result of deposition of sediment at mouth. The river Tarmada and Tapti make estuaries whereas other big river forms details like Godavari and Cauvery.
3. The Himalayan rivers are perennial in nature where water flows throughout the year received from both snow melt and rain. These rivers receive water only from monsoon rainfall and flows in rainy seasons. Therefore they are seasonal rivers.
4. These rivers from meander in plain areas because of huge sediment carried and deposited by them in the plains which obstruct their flow and force them to flow in zig-zag shape (meander). These rivers have been flowing on the oldest plateau having hard rock surface of non-alluvial character forcing them not to flow in zig-zag shape. As such they flow in more or less in straight course.
5. The Himalayan rivers flow through deep I-shaped valleys called gorges which have been carved out by down-cutting carried on side by side with the uplift of the Himalayas. They signify antecedent drainage. Peninsular rivers flow in more or less graded valley having little erosional activities to perform. They signify consequent drainage.
6. These rivers flow across the young fold mountain and are still in youthful stage. These rivers have attained maturity because they flow through oldest plateaus of the world.
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